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The vast region of Vidarbha stretches across north-eastern Maharashtra, with Nagpur as its main city. Rich in its biodiversity, mineral wealth and ethnicity, this verdant land with its undulating hills and lazy winding rivers, has many wildlife sanctuaries, forts, temples and geological sites. Indeed, Vidarbha is a veritable cornucopia of Nature's bounty; a lavish feast that's sure to fill up your senses.
Nagpur City has many distinctions. Popularly called the Orange City, it is the second largest city in Maharashtra. It is also the second greenest in India and is located at the very center of the heartland, almost equidistant from Kolkata, Chennai and New Delhi and Mumbai.
Nagpur is a sprawling, seemingly infinite metropolis and is India's primary transport hub with all the nation's main highways intersecting there. And at the very centre of this national center is Zero Mile; marked by the stone obelisk that the British placed there, on whose surface is an engraved list of cities (spelt the old-fashioned way) with distances to each of them.
This city of wide, lush gardens and religious sites is culturally alive, and regularly hosts handicrafts exhibitions, tribal dances, and folk-art programmes. Many festivals are celebrated here, including the Kalidas Mahotsav, the Ganesh Utsav and Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din.
Nagpur is a city in the central part of India. Nagpur district is located between 21*45 N to 20*30 N and 78*15 E to 79*45 E, which essentially indicates that Nagpur district is located in the Deccan Plateau.
All major highways NH-7 (Varanasi - Kanyakumari) & NH-6 (Mumbai - Sambalpur - Calcutta) and major railway trunk routes (Mumbai, Chennai, Howrah * Delhi) pass through the city. Important Central and State Government offices and institutions are located in Nagpur. Industrial Development exists along the fringe areas like Kamptee, Hingna, Wadi, Khapri, Butibori and Kalmeshwar
The weather in December is very pleasant with the temperature ranging from 15C to 30C
Nagpur limits encompass 217.56 Square Kms of land areas. Nagpur is 837 kms. from Mumbai, 1094 Kms south of Delhi, 1092 kms north of Chennai and 1140 kms west of Calcutta. Humidity ranges from 20% to 70% and Rainfall averages 120cms annually. Nagpur is situated 274.5 mtrs to 652.70 mtrs above sea level and 28% of Nagpur is covered by Forest. Nagpur generally has a dry tropical weather.
The climate of Nagpur follows a typical seasonal monsoon weather pattern. The peak temperatures are usually reached in May/June and can be as high as 48oC. The onset of monsoon is usually from July and the season extends up to September, with monsoon peaking during July and August. After monsoons, the average temperature varies between 27oC and approx 6 to 7oC right through December and January.
The underlying rock type in the Western and Southern localities is Deccan Trap, the lava flows gave rise to flat topped and terraced features. The Eastern halfs covered by crystalline Metamorphic Rock such as gneiss's, schist and granites. In the Northern part of the city, yellowish sand stones and clays of the lower Gondwana formations are found. In maximum part of the town, the underlying rock strata are covered with alluvial deposits resulting from the flood plain of the Kanhan River. In some places these gives rise to granular, sandy soils, but in many places, particularly in low lying, poorly drained areas, the soils are alluvial clays with poor permeability characteristics
The present city was founded in the early 18th century by Bhakt Buland, a Gond prince of the kingdom of Deogad in the Chhindwara district. Seeing the advantage of civilized life in Delhi, he started to build Nagpur as his new capital. His successor Chand Sultan continued the work. On Chand Sultan's death in 1739, disputes regarding succession arose and Raghuji Bhonsle, the Maratha governor of Berar, helped to restore the elder son to the throne. As the dissentions continued, Raghuji Bhonsle again intervened in 1743, and the control of Nagpur slowly passed on from the Gonds to the Marathas. It became the capital of the Bhonsles.
With the Bhonsle dynasty came the vast class of cultivators in Vidarbha. Raghuji's successors lost some territories to the Peshwas of Pune and the Nizam of Hyderabad. In 1811 Pindaris attacked Nagpur. Bhonsles again lost to the British in 1817 and Nagpur came under British influence. In 1853 Raghuji III died without an heir to his kingdom. As a result, the city lapsed into British control under Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse.
In 1861, Nagpur became the capital of the Central Provinces. The advent of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIP) in 1867 spurred its development as a trade centre. After Indian independence, Nagpur became the capital of Madhya Bharat state (C.P. and Berar). In 1960, the marathi majority Vidarbha region was merged with the new state of Maharashtra and Nagpur was designated the second capital of Maharashtra state, alternating with Bombay as the seat of the Maharashtra state legislature.