Talks & Seminars
Title: Equivalence Checking Across C-compiled Binaries
Prof. Sorav Bansal, IIT Delhi
Date & Time: December 7, 2016 16:00
Venue: Conference Room, C Block, 01st Floor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kanwal Rekhi (KReSIT) Building
Equivalence checking is a fundamental construct in program verification and synthesis. We describe an efficient and robust procedure to automatically generate proofs of equivalence across C-compiled unoptimized and optimized assembly implementations, and use it to validate end-to-end optimizations produced by multiple modern compilers for large C programs compiled to 32-bit x86 ELF executables. To do this, we had to reconstruct a partial C program specification from compiled and unoptimized (O0) ELF executable code and ELF headers. We find that modeling of aliasing-related C undefined-behaviour semantics is essential for the robustness of our equivalence checker; we describe a provably sound procedure to efficiently model C semantics, including aliasing-related undefined behaviour. Further, we describe a new robust algorithm for automatic generation of equivalence proofs, across compiler transformations. To evaluate robustness, we present first of its kind experiments involving equivalence checks across almost all compiler optimizations, and across multiple compilers, with 76% overall success rates for O2 optimizations and 72% overall success rates for O3 optimizations on the SPEC benchmarks. We also demonstrate the use of our equivalence checker in a preliminary superoptimizer supporting loops; we hope that the end-to-end nature of our equivalence procedure and its soundness and robustness, informs future work in superoptimization and synthesis for C programs. A somewhat surprising conclusion of our work is that it is possible to reconstruct C semantics from ELF executables, for the purposes of equivalence checking.
Speaker Profile:
More information about the speaker can be found at http://www.cse.iitd.ernet.in/~sbansal .
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