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Talks & Seminars
Ontologies: Foundations and Applications
Dr. Ram D. Sriram, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Washington DC
Date & Time: January 10, 2011 15:00
Venue: SIC-205 at KRESIT
Abstract:
The last decade has seen the emergence of the World Wide Web. The Semantic Web extends the current Web, transforming information into knowledge by giving information meaning. Agent-based interaction will become more prevalent in this new paradigm. Ontologies will play a major role in the success of the semantic web: both for knowledge encoding and for agent interoperability. This talk describes what ontologies are, guidelines for how to construct them, and examples of how to apply them, including for semantic interoperability. Ontologies are defined in term of their function in system development, rather than the particular language they are written in. Guidelines for constructing ontologies are aimed at producing clear and consistent expressions of subject matter expertise. Applications of ontologies will be drawn from the manufacturing and health care domains.
Speaker Profile:
Ram D. Sriram is currently leading the Design and Process group in the Manufacturing Systems Integration Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, where he conducts research on standards for interoperability of computer-aided design systems and on healthcare informatics. He is also the manager for the "Manufacturing Metrology and Standards for the Healthcare Enterprise Program" in the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory. Prior to that he was on the engineering faculty (1986-1994) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was instrumental in setting up the Intelligent Engineering Systems Laboratory. At MIT, Sriram initiated the MIT-DICE project, which was one of the pioneering projects in collaborative engineering. Sriram has co-authored or authored nearly 200 papers, books, and reports in computer-aided engineering, including several books. Sriram was a founding co-editor of the International Journal for AI in Engineering. In 1989, he was awarded a Presidential Young Investigators Award from the National Science Foundation, U.S.A. Sriram has a B.S. from IIT, Madras, India, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.
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