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Talks & Seminars
Title: Knowledge Graphs and Their Central Role in Big Data Processing: Past, Present and Future
Prof. Amit Sheth, University of South Carolina
Date & Time: January 21, 2020 11:00
Venue: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, F. C. Kohli Auditorium, 01st Floor, Kanwal Rekhi (KReSIT) Building
Abstract:
Early use of knowledge graphs, before the start of this century, related to building a knowledge graph manually or semi-automatically and applying them for semantic applications, such as search, browsing, personalization, and advertisement. Taalee/Semagix Semantic Search in 2000 had a KG that covered many domains and supported search with an equivalent of today’s infobox [1]. Along with the growth of big data, machine learning became the preferred technique for searching, analyzing and deriving insights from such data. We observed the complementary nature of bottom-up (machine learning-driven) and top-down (semantic, knowledge graph and planning based) techniques [2]. Recently we have seen growing efforts involving the shallow use of a knowledge graph to improve the semantic and conceptual processing of data [3, 4]. The future promises deeper and congruent incorporation or integration of the knowledge graphs in the learning techniques (which we call knowledge-infused learning), where knowledge graphs combining statistical AI (bottom-up) and symbolic AI learning techniques (top-down) play a critical role in hybrid and integrated intelligent systems. Throughout this talk, we will provide real-world examples, products, and applications where the knowledge graph played a pivotal role. [1] http://bit.ly/15yrSemS [2] http://j.mp/SW-IFP [3] http://bit.ly/k-CCKS [4] https://arxiv.org/pdf/1908.06520.pdf
Speaker Profile:
Prof. Amit Sheth is an Educator, Researcher, and Entrepreneur. Prior to his joining the University of South Carolina as the founding director of the university-wide AI Institute, he was the LexisNexis Ohio Eminent Scholar and executive director of Ohio Center of Excellence in Knowledge-enabled Computing. He is a Fellow of IEEE, AAAI, and AAAS. He is among the highly cited computer scientists worldwide (h-index 104, >44,000 citations, listed among top 100 in the world in 2018). He has founded three companies by licensing his university research outcomes, including the first Semantic Web company in 1999 that pioneered technology similar to what is found today in Google Semantic Search and Knowledge Graph. He is particularly proud of his students’ exceptionally success in academia and industry research labs and as entrepreneurs.
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