Talks & Seminars
Title: Disaster Robotics: Robotic Intervention for High-Consequence Events
Prof. Richard Voyles, Purdue University
Date & Time: January 27, 2016 16:00
Venue: F. C. Kohli Auditorium, B Block, 01st Floor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kanwal Rekhi (KReSIT) Building
Robotics and Cyber-Physical Systems are ushering in a new age of engineering design with new techniques and new materials, particularly when human interaction is involved. The old way of design in which we assume decoupled, low-order, block-diagonal models is breaking down at all levels and all scales. In addition, the human element is increasingly important as an active participant in these coupled systems. In this talk, I overview a range of research directions my lab has taken over the years from search and rescue robots - artifacts that assist humans in disasters, to heterogeneous wireless control networks – infrastructure that assists programmers in distributed control, to structured computational polymers – meta-materials that assist designers with new artifacts. This talk will touch on the difficulties of locomotion and explore some of the artifacts we’ve developed to overcome them: the CRAWLER and the MOTHERSHIP – robots for extending human reach in collapsed-structure search and rescue and inspection. One at the small end of the spectrum and one at the large, these mechatronic designs share a common principle: differential drive to “conserve” mechanism. Related work on a fully-actuated Dexterous Hexrotor UAV for nuclear site inspection and physical sampling is explored. At their computational core is the RecoNode, a custom node for high performance wireless control networks. These infrastructural nodes extend our self-adaptive architecture to include both reconfigurable software and reconfigurable hardware. Based on our Port-Based Object/Real-Time OS (PBO/RT), we are developing tools for software code migration and hardware partial dynamic reconfiguration to realize an embedded virtual machine that simplifies hardware-independent distributed control design, unifying the paradigms of design to leverage human creative engineering. Finally, we are using shape deposition manufacturing techniques to produce 1-D, 2-D and 3-D polymer building blocks that incorporate sensing, actuation, cognition, and structure into convenient, specifiable smart materials. Brief mention will be made of our cognitive architecture based on fully-interconnected Synthetic Neural Networks, which implement parallel artificial neurons from polymer electronics. This talk will explore not only the technologies the lab has explored, but larger implications to higher education gleaned from nearly five years spent in Washington, DC at the National Science Foundation and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.
Speaker Profile:
Details about the speaker available at http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~rvoyles.
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