Embedding Type1 Fonts into PDF

To embed type-1 fonts into a PDF document, run it through ghostscript:

gs -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -q -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE -dSAFER \
-dPDFX -dPDFSETTINGS=/prepress \
-dAutoFilterColorImages=false -dColorImageFilter=/FlateEncode \
-dAutoFilterGrayImages=false -dGrayImageFilter=/FlateEncode \
-sOutputFile=output.pdf \
-c '> setdistillerparams' \
-f input.pdf \
-c quit

Update: There might be another way: in the source LaTeX document, add these lines:

However, this does not embed fonts used by PDF diagrams included into LaTeX documents. To deal with those, for each diagram file,
$ pdftops -eps Diagram1.pdf - | epstopdf -f > Diagram2.pdf
and then run pdflatex again.